Already in 1912, after three years of development, dr Alfred Buchi created the first turbocharger using the engine`s exhaust fumes. After another three years a prototype of a diesel engine charged with turbo compressor was developed by him, though did not get many recognition those days.
The 1930s used turbo compressors almost exclusively in large engines, such as those of locomotives or ships. The following years of the II WW are the time of rapid development of aircraft engines charging. It resulted in forming new constructions, materials which made charging the diesel engines possible.
In 1954, three companies producing trucks, namely Volvo, Scania and Cummins, began using the turbochargers in their projects. It was thanks to Kurt Beirer, the author of the first compact turbo compressor. In 1952, a car using turbocharged engine produced by Cummins started in the famous Indianapolis Race on the pole position.
The 1970s are the times of introducing new, very strict fumes emission norms as well as the fuel crisis, which made the engines with turbo compressors much more popular. Still, however, they were not used in passenger cars, because of their low cost effectiveness and efficiency.
The following decade, the 1980s, is the time when turbo charged engines took on in passenger cars as well. During that time Volkswagen Golf and Mercedes series 300 with turbo charged diesel engines were introduced. Nowadays all diesel engines are equipped with turbo compressors, as a result of their extremely high efficiency, low inertia of rotational system (very low weight of rotating elements) as well as VNT (variable nozzle turbine) solution. Modern turbochargers are appreciated because they reduce fuel consumption, emission of fumes, as well as extremely improve the efficiency of engines.